Common Disabilities

by on   Monday, September 12th, 2016

Each disability is different and require different approaches to rehabilitation and therapy depending on their specific needs, limitation and severity.

  1. Hearing impairment or deafness: disability caused by difficulty in hearing due to damage or injury to the ears.
  2.  Visual impairment or blindness: disability caused by difficulty in seeing due to damage or injury to the eyes.
  3. Locomotors impairment: disability caused by difficulty in moving due to paralysis, deformities , amputation of bones, joints or muscles.
  4. Mental retardation : disability caused by difficulty in learning due to slow or incomplete development of brain characterized by subnormal intelligence.
  5. Mental illness: disability caused by display of strange and bizarre behaviors due to abnormal functioning of the brain.
  6. Cerebral Palsy : disability caused by difficulty in motor control and posture due to brain insult/ damage in early childhood developmental years .
  7. Leprosy: disability caused by loss of sensation or feeling in the hands or feet due to infection.
  8. Epilepsy or convulsions: disability caused by repeated attacks of fits due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  9. Autism: disability caused by difficulty in social adjustment and communication along with other behavior problem.
  10. Learning disability: disability caused by difficulty in reading, writing, arithmetic and understanding language due to minimal brain damage.
  11. Multiple disabilities : two or more disabilities

REHABILITATION means returning of ability or helping a disabled person to manage better at home and in the community

THERAPY basically means treatment

PHYSIOTHERAPY is therapy provided to improve position, movement, strength, balance and control of the body.

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY is the therapy of helping a disabled   person learns daily living activities.

SPEECH THERAPY  is therapy provided to develop speech and language, correct defective speech, teach alternative ways of communications.

AUDIOLOGICAL INTERVENTION is assessment of hearing, fitting of hearing aids and  providing auditory training.

PROSTHETIC AND ORTHOTIC   treatment basically involves fitting of artificial limbs and artificial aids.

MOBILITY AND ORIENTATION basically training of the visually impaired person to move from one place to another.

SPECIAL EDUCATION is provided to develop academic skills using special teaching learning material and techniques in the disabled children.

PSYCHOLOGY is basically assessment of intelligence and social and emotional adjustment of the disabled person along with guidance and counseling for fruitful adaptation and adjustment in society.

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